Prenote: sorry, forgot to take pictures of the internals on my own.
Cyma seems like stepping up their game in the material usage. The CM.011HS is a new generation G36 from their lab, and they haven't stop at basic upgrades, they threw in almost everything they had. The gun costs 123 Euro
but does it worth it? Externals
This replica is kind of unique on this part, it comes with Nylon exteriors, according to TWG. The surface is matte black, I mean the real matte, not that cheap shit that JG pulls off of their G36. There is minimal to no burr, except the stock that got a big-ass line on the middle. Feels very solid, no wobbling nor crackling. Another surprising part is that the outer barrel comes with a metal top part, the rest is plastic, probably ABS. A sad part is that the flash hider is also made of plastic. Although the barrel does have a thread, the factory flash hider is a "slide-on, lock" type with a worm screw. Luckily it sits onto the outer barrel in a way it can't twist or rotate. The magazine is a regular 470rd G36 HiCap, transparent so you can always check how many BB you have left. Other than a simple serial number and the fire mode icons, there are no markings on it. The mag lock got some super tough spring, that is good because you won't accidentally leave your magazine (Speaking to you, JG!), but releasing the mag also takes some force. With the HiCap, it is no issue, but if you plan to use mid-caps, train your fingers. Internals
This is the interesting part that most care about of course. This is an "almost-new" generation Cyma internal. The V3 boy shell is still regular Cyma V3, nothing new. Rough surface on the outside, okay on the inside, nothing new. The bushing are the regular X-cut 6mm slide, Aluminum if I would to guess. they are a bit thicker to the inside that other slide bushing, so less shimmer is needed. That factory shimming is not too good, it allows good amount of wobbling. The greasing is the infamous blue Cyma snot, and a lot of it, definitely needs a cleaning. The gears are a surprise again, CNC 13:1 steel gears, pretty well made with nice surface finish. The piston is not AOE-corrected, needs grinding down 2 teeth. The teeth are made of steel, and the rest is unknown blue plastic, with a ball bearing inside. The piston head is CNC aluminum, silent type, with the cylinder head also being CNC Alu, silent type, double O-ring. The O-ring on the piston head is a junk, but after replacing the ring, the Piston-cylinder-cylinder head sealing is perfect. The cylinder is made of Alu, very light and as a plus, the surface is very well made, better than many aftermarket cylinder. The porting is set to ~0.20 - 0.28 BBs, so this one won't let you down. The spring guide is ball bearing metal one, luckily the V7 (long) type, not the traditional pain-in-the-ass V3 type, however this one is not FPS-adjustable from the outside. The nozzle is also a trash, the sealing of super bad, so you will need a new one with an O-ring. The motor is a Cyma Red, they did some wonder with this motor. My Guarder Infinity Torque is nothing compared to this, the only stronger I've came around so far is the Golden Eagle super high power. After replacing the spring and gears, the motor had no issue at all pulling the M120 with a 12:1 gears. The trigger mechanism FINALLY uses AK-style trigger, not the unique G36 style one. There is nothing extra here either. The barrel is standard brass, no info on the shop page, so probably regular 6.08. The hop unit is also regular plastic one (surprise) although something is really messed up in it, I looked into the barrel and one edge of the hop was waaaaaaaay lower than the other. The bucking is again nothing special, factory Cyma, you are better off replacing it or convert it to flat. It comes with ~350-360 FPS from the shop, but no battery or charger. Cyma springs are known to live their own life, so that's another question if it will stay there on the long run. Overall
For the price, you get a very decent gun. It definitely needs an initial maintenance, but you don't have to replace half the internals to get a fast gun. With Nylon externals it definitely worth the price, even without replacing anything just doing an initial check, it won't let you down.
This thread will cover some of the frequently asked questions here regarding NY gun laws. If you believe anything should be added or updated, please let me know.
Most of the legal topics addressed in this post are applicable only to those that live outside of New York City. The laws in NYC are different, please see the bottom for more information.
Is X banned by the NY SAFE Act?
The NY SAFE Act bans rifles, pistols, and shotguns from having certain features if conditions are met. For rifles
If it is SEMI-AUTOMATIC and
has the ability to receive a detachable magazine, it cannot have any of the following features:
Please note: if the magazine is non-detachable
(fixed magazine), these features are okay on semi-automatic rifles.
This only applies to semi-automatic rifles. Bolt-action, lever-action, single-shot, etc can have detachable magazines and features.
If it does not have any of the banned features listed above, you can have a detachable magazine on your rifle. * There is debate on what makes certain grips legal/illegal, grips that do not "protrude beneath the action" are believed to be legal, such as the Exile Machine Hammerhead, Resurgent Arms Grip, BoAR Grip, etc.
The photos are just example, variations of each feature will look different. For shotguns:
If it is SEMI-AUTOMATIC, it cannot have any of the following features:
Please note: Detachable magazines are banned if
the shotgun is semi-automatic. Unlike semi-automatic rifles with detachable magazines, semi-automatic shotguns can have pistol grips.
These banned features do not apply to pump-action shotguns. Semi-automatic shotguns that use tubes instead of detachable magazines are NOT exempt from this features ban. For pistols:
If it is SEMI-AUTOMATIC and
has the ability to receive a detachable magazine, it cannot have any of the following features:
Please note: Due to the pistol permit requirements, handguns must be registered on your license before you can take possession. While fixed-mag
pistols (such as AAK pistols) may technically be legal under the NY SAFE act, some counties will refuse to register these guns. Always check with your local office before purchasing if you have any questions about legality. For curios and relics:
Antique/historic guns (guns over 50 years old) have some exemptions from the NY SAFE Act:
To register an antique/historic gun or magazine, go here
- Antique/historic guns can be transferred
- Even if it classifies as an "assault weapon" (see above) it can still be transferred
- If it classifies as an "assault weapon" it needs to be registered. As of 2014, only antique/historic guns are still eligible to be registered. You cannot register an "assault weapon" that is less than 50 years old.
- Magazines for antique/historic guns can be over 10 rounds, but they need to be registered.
What is an "Other"?
An "Other" is NOT a rifle, shotgun, pistol, or "Any Other Weapon"/AOW as it does not meet the federal definitions for any of these categories.
Others have three requirements:
- The overall length must be 26 inches or longer. For the AR platform, this includes the tip of the buffer to the end of the barrel. Muzzle devices, such as flash hiders and compensators, do not count towards this length requirement unless they are permanently attached (pinned/wielded).
- It is designed to be fired with two hands; typically by the use of a vertical grip
- It is not designed to be fired from the shoulder; therefore, it cannot have a stock*
By meeting these three requirements, it does not fit any category mentioned above. How?
Legally, rifles and shotguns are defined as being designed to fire from the shoulder. The lack of a stock means it is not designed to be shoulder fired.
Legally, pistols are defined as being designed to be used with one hand. Adding a vertical foregrip means it is designed to be used with both hands.
Being longer than 26" means it is not longer considered to be an Any-Other-Weapon/AOW, which means it does not require a NFA stamp.
Please note: The legality of Others in NY state has been debated and ownership should be taken at your own risk. While they may be considered legal by the ATF and can even be purchased at many NY guns stores, a police officer may be unfamiliar with their legality and may view it as an unregistered "assault weapon" per the NY SAFE Act.
Others MUST not have already been configured as a rifle. You cannot legally convert a rifle into an Other. If you are building your own, it must start off as a lower and not a prebuilt rifle.
be a vertical foregrip (perpendicula90° angle), canted or angled foregrips are a no-go.
*Rifle stocks are not permitted on Others. Adding a rifle stock will turn it into a Short-Barrel Rifle (if the barrel is <16") or a unregistered "assault weapon" under the SAFE Act. There are alternatives to having an exposed buffer tube, such as a buffer tube cover or a pistol brace. Care should be taken with pistol braces, while the ATF confirmed they are legal and not considered to be a stock, there is some debate on their legality for others. Others are not legally classified as rifles, pistols, or shotguns, and therefore, the NY SAFE Act banned features do not apply
How does the pistol permit process work in New York?
The process is different per county. New York City also has it's own process. Permits that are legal throughout New York State are NOT legal for New York City. You need a NYC permit to possess a handgun in New York City.
Until you have a pistol permit, you CANNOT even touch a pistol. There are exceptions, such as if a certified instructor is present, but for the most part do not count on anyone letting you use one or examine one until you get your permit.
Rules for obtaining a pistol permit:
* this may include part time residents as well
- Must be a New York State resident*
- Must be 21 years old
- Have no prior felony or serious offense convictions
- Be of good moral character
To my knowledge, the only universal part of the application process is filling out the State of New York Pistol/Revolver License Application (PPB3) forms.
This form requires FOUR character references. They will need to provide their signature. They cannot be family. In some counties they cannot be active law enforcement either.
The process varies by county. Always check with them first to see what you will need. Some of the other steps in the process you may experience:
- Required training/safety course. Sometimes it's the local police that provide these courses, other times you need to take a course with a private organization like your local gun store (or even online, if permitted).
- Fingerprinting. This may be a state requirement, I'm not sure. Sometimes this is done by the local police, other times it's done by a private organization such as IdentoGO.
- Photographs. You may be required to submit your own or have them taken. This is what will be on your permit and in your file.
- Character references. In addition to the references in the PPB3 form you may be asked to provide references to the county as well. They may have additional requirements, such as the reference living in the same county or requiring the reference to send in a letter.
- An appointment. Some counties allow you to submit everything by mail or online (especially now), others require you to be there in person.
I just got my pistol permit, now what?
Congratulations! You can now legally own a handgun in New York State (but not in New York City, unless it's a NYC permit of course).
The first step is actually buying one. Once you have one picked out and paid for at the local gun store, they cannot release it to you
They will provide you with a receipt, you will need to give this to your local permit office. Once they process it, they will add the gun to your pistol permit and give you a coupon that shows they are okay to release the gun to you. Only then are you allowed to take possession of the handgun.
You are not allowed to be in possession of another persons handgun unless it is on your permit or they are currently present. Even if it belongs to your spouse, it needs to be on your permit. If someone leaves a handgun in your possession, you are technically breaking the law by possessing an unregistered handgun.
So do not hold onto your buddies pistol because they don't want their SO to find out about it.
Some counties have different types of pistol permits. They may issue special "concealed carry" vs "special use" (unrestricted/restricted) permits. Under New York State, they are legally viewed as the same. While you technically
could be okay carrying a handgun with a restricted permit, this is a very bad idea.
You may not be charged with a crime, but if it's reported, the judge can still revoke your permit.
What are "lowers" and why do I hear so much about them?
Lower refer to lower receivers. It is one of the most important components as it houses most of your internal parts and holds the gun together. You can use these to build a fixed-mag rifle, a featureless rifle, or an Other as mentioned above.
There are two common types - stripped lowers and 80% lowers. Stripped lowers need to be purchased at a gun store/transferred by an FFL, they cannot be sent directly to your house. They already have a serial number.
80% lowers are unfinished lowers. They require some additional modifications before they can be used. Currently 80% lowers ARE legal in New York, however, there is upcoming legislation that bans them in NY and requires existing ones to be serialized and/or registered.
How do I build my own AR?
Building your own AR can be rewarding, but it's also very intimidating. You will save money and learn a lot more about rifles in the process. Just relax, trust me, it's not as difficult as it sounds. Think of it like an adult Lego set.
For starters, decide on what route you want to take as it will change your requirements.
Do you want to go fixed mag? Using a magazine lock allows you to have features banned under the SAFE Act, but then loading the gun can be a hassle. Good for a range gun, but not recommended for home defense.
Do you want to go featureless? It's more practical, and while it may not look as aesthetically pleasing, you can still swap out magazines. This is important capability for most.
Do you want to go with an Other? See the above guide. You sacrifice using a stock, but you can keep most features and still have detachable magazines. It does carry some slight risk however.
Do your research on what you need based on your preferences. There are many different guides out there. This is the one I referred to.
For the most part, there are two sections - Upper receiver parts:
Lower receiver parts:
- Stripped or complete upper receiver
- Barrel (must be 16" or above if it's not for an Other)
- Gas block and gas tube
- Hand guard
- Charging handle
- Bolt carrier group
- Stripped lower receiver
- Lower parts kit w/ trigger assembly
- Buffer kit: buffer, buffer tube, buffer spring
- Buttstock (OR pistol brace, OR buffer tube cover, etc)
For convenience, there are often kits that have everything you need. For example, buffer kits will have the buffer, buffer tube, and buffer spring together so you do not need to purchase them separately.
Completed uppers generally have the upper receiver, barrel, the hand guard, the gas block and the gas tube. You may need to purchase the charging handle and bolt carrier group separately, although some include these components as well.
The tools you need will vary depending on what you already have and what components you get. At the very least, you will likely need a roll pin punch kit. An armorer's wrench is also a good idea.
There are tons of videos and articles on assembling everything once it comes in.
Be mindful that there are certain parts are illegal to own in NY (Ex: rapid-fire modification devices), however, everything that you need to build a standard AR-15 is perfectly legal to own. As long as it's assembled as one of the three legal configurations mentioned above.
Can I own a gun?
Assuming you are an American citizen and have not been convicted of any crimes you most likely can.
Under federal law, the following people are prohibited from owning firearms:
- convicted in any court of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year;
- who is a fugitive from justice;
- who is an unlawful user of or addicted to any controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act, codified at 21 U.S.C. § 802); Note: this includes weed as well
- who has been adjudicated as a mental defective or has been committed to any mental institution;
- who is an illegal alien;
- who has been discharged from the Armed Forces under dishonorable conditions;
- who has renounced his or her United States citizenship;
- who is subject to a court order restraining the person from harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner or child of the intimate partner; or who has been convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence.
Under New York State law, the additional people are also banned from owning firearms:
- Anyone that is not a citizen of the United States
- Has been certified not suitable to possess a long gun by the director or physician in charge of a hospital or institution for mental illness; or
- Has been convicted of a felony or “serious offense,” defined to include:
- Illegally using, carrying or possessing a handgun or other dangerous weapon;
- Making or possessing burglar’s instruments;
- Buying or receiving stolen property;
- Unlawful entry into a building;
- Aiding escape from prison;
- Certain kinds of disorderly conduct;
- Certain drug offenses or crimes involving sodomy or rape;
- Child endangerment;
- Certain crimes permitting or promoting prostitution;
- Certain kinds of stalking; and
- Certain violent or threatening crimes committed against a member of the same family or household, including assault, strangulation, menacing, harassment, and trespass.
In New York, you must be 16 to possess a long gun, 18 to buy a long gun, and 21 to apply for a pistol permit. You cannot own a pistol without a permit. There is no permit required for long guns.
Is it true that you can buy guns/ammo/parts on the internet?
Yes! But it's not what you might be thinking.
When you buy a gun or a lower receiver online it cannot be shipped directly to your door. Instead, it must be sent to an FFL/gun store instead. After your purchase, they will need to send a copy of their FFL to the seller. Once it arrives they will determine if it is legal and compliant with NY laws, some will make any modifications if necessary, and they run your background check. If it is a handgun, you will still need to wait for your coupon from the state to pick it up.
You can legally buy ammo and have it shipped to your house, see the ammo thread for a list of vendors that ship to NY
You can legally buy most
gun parts and have them shipped to your house. Lower receivers still need to be sent a FFL/gun store (unless they are 80% lowers). For the most part, everything else is fine to ship to your home.
There are no shipping restrictions are firearm accessories (sights, lasers, flashlights, etc).
I live in New York City, how are guns laws different here than the rest of the state?
NYC gun laws are even stricter than the rest of the state. A New York pistol permit is not valid in New York City unless it is a New York City permit. New York City unrestricted pistol permits are valid for the rest of the state.
Long guns require a NYC Premises Rifle/Shotgun permit. For the process involved in obtaining one, please refer to this post.
If you would like to see anything else added here, please let me know. Disclaimer:
I am not a lawyer. This is not legal advice and should not be taken as such. This is just a Reddit post to provide helpful information. Always consult with a lawyer if you have legal concerns about any of the above.